Transforming Society: What Is Collective impact?Collective impact is a framework for progress in specific social problems. It is the organized commitment of a group of people and institutions to a common agenda. Its name derives from the 2011 publication Collective Impact by John Kania and Mark Kramer.
Collective Impact DefinitionThe idea behind this is to create lasting solutions for critical social issues. It can be applied to areas as diverse as health, healthcare, education, poverty reduction, homelessness, youth development, community support, and many more. Collective impact collaboration can be at neighborhood, regional, national and international levels. The Internet, with its wide reach, has become an essential tool in collective impact. Examples of collective impact collaboration include the Strive Partnership in Cincinnati, USA, and the Calgary Homeless Foundation in Calgary, Canada.
The Collective Impact ModelIn order to be considered collective impact a project needs to comply with the following five criteria:
- Common agenda: there must be a shared vision, which results from the understanding of the problem, and an agreed agenda for its solution.
- Shared measurement system: a set of key indicators to measure performance.
- Mutually reinforcing activities: a set of coordinated activities defined in a joint plan of action.
- Continuous communication: necessary to keep all stakeholders informed.
- Backbone organization: independent staff supporting the initiative. Its role is to provide vision and strategy, support activities, create a shared measurement system, build public will for the project, advance policy, and obtain the necessary funds.